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Coastal Resilience Funding Opportunities for Defense Communities

Defense communities are those towns, cities and regional areas that are home to military installations, often, but not always adjacent, and economically tied to military missions. Military leadership collaborate with state, regional and local government, and private organizations to ensure military readiness and support families throughout the community. Coastal resilience, the ability for a community to withstand hazards such as hurricanes, extreme weather and flooding, has become an increasingly important concern to defense communities located on or near the coast. To increase coastal resilience, communities are building or retrofitting stormwater infrastructure, protecting against shoreline erosion, and preserving groundwater using natural and nature-based infrastructure.

 

Federal Grant Programs

FUNDING PROGRAMFUNDING AGENCY / PARTNERSDESCRIPTIONELIGIBLE APPLICANTSELIGIBLE PROJECTSCOST SHARE (% federal / % non-federal)HISTORICAL FUNDINGAPPLICATION TIMING
REPI ChallengeDepartment of DefenseCost-share for partnership projects that use natural resource conservation or nature-based infrastructure to improve climate resilience off-base and contribute to mission readinessState, regional, local, territorial government, private conservation organization

Must work with a military installation
Community Capacity Building and Planning Site Assessment and Preliminary Design Final Design and Permitting
Restoration and Monitoring: easement acquisition to protect natural habitats
50/50 (%DoD/ %non-DoD)

**REPI can often be used as non-federal match
$40 million in
FY2022

FY2021: 7 projects- $200K- 5.1mil
Pre-proposal required November, proposal March, announced JuneLINK
OLDCC
Military Installation Sustainability
Department of DefenseGrants to conduct planning processes that support resilience of defense communities through compatible use planning or Resilience Reviews and implementationState, regional, local, territorial, tribal government

Must work with a military installation
Community capacity building and planning processes90/10$10.35 mil in FY21
$8.01 mil in FY20
$9.14 mil in FY19
Service can nominate in March call or out of cycle
Community application is open
LINK
OLDCC- Defense Community Infrastructure Program (DCIP)Department of DefenseGrants to address deficiencies in community infrastructure, supportive of a military installation.State, regional, local, territorial, tribal government and non-profit utilities.

Must work with a military installation
Construction ready projects including off shore and shoreline infrastructure, flood control, wastewater, transportation70/30, no match required in small, rural areas$68 million (FY2021)


FY2021: 13 projects- $250,000- 10mil
Applications open in May and due in JulyLINK
National Coastal Resilience FundNational Fish and Wildlife Foundation/ National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
(NOAA)/ other partners
Grants to support coastal resilience projects that create or restore natural systems to help protect coastal communities from climate and extreme weather impacts.State, regional, local, territorial, tribal government, non-profit org. educational institutions, for-profit organizations.Community Capacity Building and Planning Site Assessment and Preliminary Design Final Design and Permitting
Restoration and Monitoring.
50/50$34 million (FY2021)Pre-proposal required April, proposal June
announced in November
LINK
Emergency Coastal Resilience FundNational Fish and Wildlife Foundation/ National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
(NOAA)
Grants to support coastal resilience projects that create or restore natural systems to help protect coastal communities from climate and extreme weather impacts after a Presidential disaster declarationState, regional, local, territorial, tribal government, non-profit org. educational institutions, for-profit organizations.No match requiredVaries depending on disaster declaration and appropriationVaries depending on disaster declarationLINK
Coastal and Marine Habitat Restoration GrantsNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
(NOAA)
Grants that restore habitat and support sustainable fisheries, help recover threatened or endangered speciesHigher education, non-profits, for profit organizations, U.S. territories, and state, local, and tribal governments.Coastal resilience projects include living shoreline and oyster restoration projectsNo match required, 50/50 match recommended$4 million (FY2020)

Awards from $75,000 to $3 million
Pre-proposal, January, proposal AprilLINK
National Coastal Wetlands Conservation GrantsUnited States Fish and Wildlife ServiceGrants to protect, restore and enhance coastal wetland ecosystems and associated uplandState agenciesAcquisition, restoration of coastal wetlands or maritime forests and phased projects75/25 (in-kind, cash or combination)$19 millionDue in June, notify in Jan-MarchLINK
Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities (BRIC)Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) /State Emergency ManagementGrants to support state, local, tribe and territory governments for project planning, development and implementation. Projects must reduce future hazard risk.State, territory, tribal government is applicant, subapplicant- local govtCapacity-Building (e.g., project scoping, partnerships, mitigation planning and planning-related activities; Mitigation Projects; Management Costs75/25 generally, 90/10 small/ impoverished
will pay management costs
$1 billion (FY2021)FY2022 federal application due Jan, state deadlines varyLINK
Hazard Mitigation Grant ProgramFederal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) /State Emergency ManagementGrants to support projects on public or private property that reduce loss of life and property damage in accordance with hazard mitigation plans and after a Presidential disaster declarationState, territory, tribal government is applicant, subapplicant- local govt, non-profitProperty acquisition, structure elevation, dry floodproofing, infrastructure retrofit, code enforcement, aquifer and storage recovery, , floodplain and stream restoration, green infrastructure, other75/25 generally, will pay management costsVaries depending on disaster declarationVaries depending on declared disasterLINK
Flood Mitigation Assistance GrantFederal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) /State Emergency ManagementGrants for planning and projects to reduce or eliminate risk of flood damage to buildings that are insured annually under the National Flood Insurance Program.State, territory, tribal government is applicant, subapplicant- local govt, non-profitProperty acquisition, structure elevation,
mitigation reconstruction, dry floodproofing, infrastructure retrofit, aquifer and storage recovery, flood diversion and storage, floodplain and stream restoration, green infrastructure, other
75/25$160 million (FY 2021)FY2022 federal application due Jan, state deadlines varyLINK
Planning Assistance to StatesDepartment of Defense/ US Army Corps of EngineersCorps can prepare plans for the development, utilization,
and conservation of water including flood control, located within the boundaries of
the State. The Corps can provide concept designs only.
State, territory, tribal government and NGOsStudies of water or water-related resources - Watershed Planning, GIS mapping
(water, sewer, and storm), Hydrologic and hydraulic , Shoreline Protection, etc.
50/50 (can be in-kind)Request for program by letter of intentLINK
Continuing Authorities Program (CAP)

Section 103: Hurricane and Storm Damage Reduction

Section 204: Beneficial Use of Dredge Material

Section 205: Flood Damage Reduction

Section 206: Aquatic Ecosystem Restoration

Section 1135: Improvements to the Environment
Department of Defense/ US Army Corps of EngineersPartnership program to study, design, and construct small coastal storm damage reduction. Water resources and ecosystem restoration projects. Each project must be economically justified, environmentally sound, and technically feasible.Cities, counties, special authorities, or units of state governmentEmergency streambank and shoreline protection for public facilities like roads, bridges, schools, and water/sewage treatment plants that are in danger of failing; Protection of public and private properties/facilities against damages caused by storms through the construction of revetments, groins and jetties; Use of dredged material from federal projects for the reduction in storm damages to property and to protect, restore, or create habitats, including wetlands; Aquatic ecosystem restoration; projects.For study, no match up to $100,000, costs over 50/50 Final Design 65/35$69.5 million in FY21
$72 million in FY20
$66 million in FY19
Request for program by letter of intentLINK
Planning Assistance to StatesDepartment of Defense/ US Army Corps of EngineersCorps can prepare plans for the development, utilization,
and conservation of water including flood control, located within the boundaries of
the State. The Corps can provide concept designs only.
State, territory, tribal government and NGOsStudies of water or water-related resources - Watershed Planning, GIS mapping
(water, sewer, and storm), Hydrologic and hydraulic , Shoreline Protection, etc.
50/50 (can be in-kind)Request for program by letter of intentLINK
Community Development Block Grant (CDBG)Department of Housing and Urban DevelopmentFunds a variety of community development activities to build stronger and more resilient communities. Must substantially benefit low- and moderate-income communitiesLocal government, cities with populations of 50,000+ or counties with 200,000+ with substantial community need based on poverty, overcrowding, etc.Infrastructure, such as stormwater, economic development projects, public facilities installation and improvement, community centers, beautification of public areas, restoration and conservation, etc.Grants of $300,001 to $750,000 - 5% local matching funds required. Grants of more than $750,001 - 10% local matching funds required.$750,000 for Single-Activity and $1,000,000 for Multi-Activity (two or more jurisdictions)June application deadline (2021)LINK
Community Development Block Grant Disaster Recovery Program (CDBG-DR)Department of Housing and Urban DevelopmentProvides funding to rebuild affected areas and provide seed money to start recovery. These flexible grants help cities, counties, and States recover from Presidentially declared disasters, especially in low-income areas, subject to availability of supplemental appropriations.Same as CBDG, but also a disaster declarationSame as CDBG, with an emphasis on recovery after a disasterMatching funds not requiredVaries depending on declared disasterVaries depending on declared disasterLINK
Watershed and Flood Prevention Operations ProgramDepartment of AgricultureFinancial and technical assistance for watershed protection, water quality improvements, erosion and sediment control, and habitat enhancement.County agencies, soil and water conservation districts, flood prevention/flood control districts, or other subunits of state governmentWatershed and Wildlife Projects that provide erosion and sediment control, watershed protection, flood prevention, and water quality improvements50/50 for most projects, 65/35 for erosion and sediment control$175 million FY20
$150 million FY19
$150 million FY18
$150 million FY17
Application period: March/ AprilLINK
Emergency Watershed Protection ProgramDepartment of AgricultureQuickly protect infrastructure and land from additional flooding and soil erosion. EWP does not require a disaster declaration by federal or state government officials to begin. The NRCS State Conservationist can declare a local watershed emergency and the program assistance with an eligible sponsor.Cities, counties, towns, conservation districts, or any federally recognized Native American tribe or tribal organizationRemove debris from stream channels, culverts and bridges;
reshape and protect eroded streambanks;
correct damaged or destroyed drainage facilities;
establish vegetative cover on critically eroding lands;
repair levees and structures;
repair certain conservation practices, and
purchase floodplain easements
75/25Varies depending on emergencyVaries depending on emergencyLINK
Watershed and Flood Prevention Operations ProgramDepartment of AgricultureThe WFPO Program provides technical and financial
assistance to States, local governments and Tribes
(project sponsors) to plan and implement authorized
watershed project plans.
Federal, state, local and tribal government sponsorship for projects up to 250,000 acres.Erosion and sediment control
Watershed protection
Flood prevention
Water quality Improvements
Rural, municipal and industrial water supply
Water management
Fish and wildlife habitat enhancement
Hydropower sources
VariesLINK
Public Works Assistance Programs/ Economic Adjustment ProgramUS Economic Development Administration-
Department of Commerce
Annually available supplemental funding to assist distressed communities nationwide with a wide variety of economic needs including disaster recoveryState, Local and tribal government, nonprofits, some other eligible entitiesDisaster recovery and economic resiliency programs, post- disaster strategic planning, infrastructure development and key business assistance.Varies by programVaries by year, for example Build Back Better- $100 million in FY21Varies by programLINK
Overflow and Stormwater GrantsEnvironmental Protection AgencyProvides funding for critical stormwater infrastructure projects in communities including combined sewer overflows and sanitary sewer overflows.States, territoriesInstallation of separate sanitary and storm sewers; infiltration/inflow correction; stormwater collection systems; Green Infrastructure; or other capital projects the mitigate sewer overflows or stormwater concerns80/20$28 million in 2020
$40 million in 2021
LINK
Environmental Justice GrantsEnvironmental Protection AgencySupports community-driven projects designed to engage, educate, and empower communities to better understand local environmental and public health issues and develop strategies for addressing those issues, building consensus in the community, and setting community priorities.Non-profit organizations, us territories, tribal governments and organizationsProjects must be associated with at least one qualified environmental statue. Project emphasis areas include water quality, stormwater and green infrastructure, emergency preparedness and disaster resiliency, and environmental education.No matchIn FY2021, $7.4 million total for grants up to $75,000Application due JuneLINK

 

State Grant Programs

FUNDING PROGRAMFUNDING AGENCY / PARTNERSDESCRIPTIONELIGIBLE APPLICANTSELIGIBLE PROJECTSCOST SHARE (% federal / % non-federal)HISTORICAL FUNDINGAPPLICATION TIMING
Coastal Incentive Grants (GA)Georgia Department of Natural Resources Coastal Resources DivisionGrants to address local and regional coastal resource protection priorities, balance economic development while protecting natural and cultural resources and support research in areas of specific coastal management needs.Local government in the 11 coastal county service area, state affiliated research and educational institutions and regional and state agencies.Research, Planning, Education/outreach, and Construction/ Acquisition projects addressing oceans and wetlands issues, coastal resilience, non-point source pollution, public access and land conservation.50/50$80,000 per year for up to 2 yearsPre-application December, full application February, notify April, start OctoberLINK
319 Water Quality programsState Departments of Natura; Resources or Environmental ProtectionNonpoint Source Implementation Grants fund the implementation of projects that reduce pollution and improve water quality, following a watershed-based planLocal government regional and State agencies; authorities/utilities (e.g. sewer, water); regional commissions; resource conservation
councils; local school systems and State universities
Project that implements part or all of a watershed plan. Best management practices (BMPs). Need to identify pollutant and measurable improvement.60/40Varies by state,
nationally
$172.3 mil (FY 2020)
March/April application Summer/fall award and begin projectsLINK
North Carolina Land and Water Fund (NC)North Carolina Division of Land And Water StewardshipGrants for land acquisition, restoration, innovative stormwater projects and planning to improve water quality, sustain diversity and protect historic sites and military installations.Local government, state agencies, and non-profit corporation with a conservation purposeLand acquisition, restoration including living shoreline projects, planning projects, innovative stormwater research projectsNo matching requiredIn FY201 83 projects total $60 millionFebruary application dueLINK
Resilience Planning Grants (FL)Florida Department of Environmental ProtectionGrants to analyze and plan for vulnerabilities, as well as implement projects for adaptation and mitigationCounties, municipalities, water management districts, flood control districts and regional resilience entitiesComprehensive plan amendments, vulnerability assessments, development of projects, plans or policies.No match requiredFY21-22
$20 million
September proposal due, more detailed final application may be necessaryLINK

 

Finance Programs

FUNDING PROGRAMFUNDING AGENCY / PARTNERSDESCRIPTIONELIGIBLE APPLICANTSELIGIBLE PROJECTSCOST SHARE (% federal / % non-federal)HISTORICAL FUNDINGAPPLICATION TIMING
Revolving Loan programsMany states have revolving loan programsLoans to support local energy, land and water resource management, such as water and sewer financing and land conservationLocal governments, districts, state authorities or other political subdivisions and nongovernmental entities with the primary purpose of conserving landN/AVariesVariesLINK
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